Asia and the Pacific

Archive Profile

2014 Country Region Profile

Political reform measures initiated by the Myanmar government in 2011 continued in 2013. Initiatives included the establishment of new institutions such as a National Human Rights Commission, greater media freedom and the release of political prisoners. The multiparty elections of 2010 in Myanmar began these positive changes, paving the way for a transfer of power from the military regime to a quasi-civilian government. Peace talks between the government and the rebellious ethnic groups improved in 2013 as the country took steps toward national reconciliation. The progress, however, suffered as inter-communal violence between Rakhine Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims created political and security challenges. UN Special Adviser to the Secretary-General (SASG) on Myanmar, Vijay Nambiar, visited the country several times during the course of the year and consulted with government officials, leaders of rebel groups and members of civil society.

In the Philippines, the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) held several peace talks during the course of 2013. While the rebel faction Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) clashed with military and police forces in 2013, the preliminary peace agreement signed by the Philippine government and the MILF in October 2012 continued to hold steady. The International Monitoring Team (IMT), deployed since 2004 and comprising troops from Malaysia, Libya, Brunei, Japan, Norway and the EU, continues to monitor on the ground the implementation of the ceasefire, as well as socio-economic, rehabilitation and development agreements between the government and MILF. The peace talks resulted in a historic final peace deal between the government and MILF in March 2014.

The Regional Assistance Mission in Solomon Islands (RAMSI) began its transition following the completion of ten years in Solomon Islands in 2013. All military units were dissolved in September 2013.

Key developments

Myanmar Established in 1993 to facilitate political engagement, the office of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General (SASG) on Myanmar has grown over the years under a guiding framework based on a three-pillar approach of engagement in the political, humanitarian and development areas in the country. Engagement by UN envoys over the past two decades has helped cultivate a continuous dialogue about democracy and human rights. Fighting between government and the ethnic rebel group Kachin Ind Read More...