Haiti

Archive Profile

2014 Country Profile:

Haiti entered 2013 caught in a political stalemate in the governance structure which impeded progress in nearly all of the United Nations Stability Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)’s interest areas. Although some progress was made towards compromise in late 2013, Haiti remains far behind schedule to meet its key benchmarks by the proposed end of MINUSTAH’s mandate in 2016.

Background

Since the ousting of then-President Jean Bertrand-Aristide, Haiti has been plagued by successive cycles of violence and political instability. During Aristide’s second term beginning in 2000, political violence became rampant in the country. Pro- and anti-government militias took to the streets, creating an unstable and violent environment. Further, economic growth plummeted, with the gross domestic product (GDP) becoming negative. In 2003, a rebellion broke out demanding the ouster of Preside Read More...

Key developments

Political Developments In early 2013 the Haitian government was caught in a stalemate between the executive and the parliament, with the opposition accusing President Martelly of political favoritism. Other charges lobbied against the president included the politicization of the judiciary and the HNP. Reports support these latter allegations by stating that a number of high-profile criminal cases, including those involving the administration in corruption, have been subject to political interfer Read More...

Conclusion

Overall, MINUSTAH’s role in 2013 and 2014 was most focused on capacity-building of the Haitian National Police, the consolidation of the Supreme Council of the Judiciary, attempting to break political stalemate, and advocating for a timely electoral process. Given the current circumstances of the governance structure, it is unclear whether Haiti will meet the consolidation plan benchmarks by 2016. While the security environment has become much more stable since MINUSTAH’s deployment, consoli Read More...