Search Results for: africa [ GLOBAL ]

Peacekeeping in Africa : The evolving security architecture (
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“Their Priority Is Not the People”: Civilian Views on Peace Operations in Africa

“Their priority is not the people of Somalia,” a Somali woman who had recently fled to the Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya said about peacekeepers in her home country. “It is the government and themselves.” Unfortunately, this view is not uniqu Read More...

10 Trends in Peace Operations

The last two years have seen a surge in peace operations. As the data in this review shows, UN deployments grew by 8.5% in 2013 and 2014 to involve over 100,000 soldiers and police officers. In the same period, NATO drew down its presence in Afghanis Read More...

About

The Global Peace Operations Review is an interactive web-portal presenting in-depth analysis and detailed data on military peacekeeping operations and civilian-led political missions by the United Nations, regional organizations and ad-hoc coalitions Read More...

African Peace Operations

The goal of the Global Peace Operations Review is to provide the most comprehensive overview of multilateral contributions to peacekeeping, conflict prevention, and post-conflict peacebuilding. In doing this, our objective is to take a focus on all p Read More...

African-led International Support Mission in Mali Launched

African-led International Support Mission in the Central African Republic Launched

Between Bureaucracy and Adhocracy: Crafting a Spectrum of UN Peace Operations

The array of tools the UN has developed to prevent, manage and resolve conflict has expanded in recent years. They are being deployed in new formats, from political missions and small peacebuilding teams, to large observer missions and multidimension Read More...

Can Attack Helicopters Save U.N. Peacekeeping?

Does U.N. peacekeeping matter? President Barack Obama believes that it does — and he has advocated the cause more forcefully than any of his predecessors since George H. W. Bush, who once looked to the U.N. to help forge a “new world order.” Th Read More...

Can Force Be Useful in the Absence of a Political Strategy? Lessons from the UN missions to the DR Congo

This analysis was initially written for the Center on International Cooperation and the International Peace Institute as part of a series of internal papers for the High Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations. The UN peacekeeping mission in the Read More...

Can we make UN peacekeeping great again?

If UN peacekeeping operations are “at a crossroads” as the Secretary-General told the Security Council on 6 April, then it is a policy and linguistic roundabout. This is the same phrase that a senior official used to describe the Brahimi report i Read More...

Central Africa

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Central African Republic

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Challenges for Human Rights Sections of UN Peace Operations

Recent adaptations of peacekeeping practice are bringing into question the role of civilian components in UN peace operations, notably the human rights sections. When António Guterres succeeds Ban Ki-moon as UN Secretary-General, many problems will Read More...

Choosing Envoys Wisely

This is the third essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Special envoys are, by definition, agents appointed by a principal or a group of principals for a particular task. Yet their scope of power an Read More...

Conflict Prevention

The need for a greater emphasis on conflict prevention is a common theme of the major reports of 2015 on peace operations, peacebuilding, and UNSC Resolution 1325. It is a broad subject area that cuts across the wide spectrum of peace operations. Co Read More...

Counterinsurgency in Somalia: Lessons Learned from the African Union Mission in Somalia, 2007-2013 (
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Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Democratise or disintegrate How the AU can help South Sudan (
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Democratise or disintegrate: How the AU can help South Sudan

The implementation of South Sudan’s latest peace agreement appears to be at a standstill. Insecurity, food shortages and the breakdown in governance have forced more than 1.5 million people to flee the country. President Salva Kiir’s announcemen Read More...

Protected: Drafts

As the clamour grows for a woman to be chosen as the next Secretary-General, other high-level staff appointments have been quietly but steadily defying the UN's longstanding goal of gender parity. Seemingly unnoticed, this year's selections for Read More...

Ethiopia and Eritrea

EU Military Operation in the Central African Republic Launched

EUFOR RCA

EUFOR RCA (EU Military Operation in the Central African Republic) Personnel | Fatalities | Vehicles | Budget [datatrends chart="RCA Personnel 2014"] [datatrends chart="RCA Personnel (Military) 2014"] [datatrends chart="RCA Fatalities Read More...

European Military Contributions to UN Peace Operations in Africa

European forces have played a very limited military role in United Nations (UN) peace operations in Africa over the last two decades. In some periods, European personnel have accounted for less than 2% of the blue helmets on the continent. Yet there Read More...

European Military Contributions to UN Peace Operations in Africa – Maximizing Strategic Impact (
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Featured Data

Welcome to the GPOR Featured Data page. Here you’ll find links to visualizations of headline data and trends in global peace operations and the international system. Topics covered include peace operation missions, contributions of uniformed person Read More...

Featured Data Test

Welcome to the GPOR Featured Data page. Here you’ll find links to visualizations of headline data and trends in global peace operations and the international system. Topics covered include peace operation missions, contributions of uniformed person Read More...

Fixing UN Peacekeeping Operations: The World’s Most Complicated Army

It has been almost a year since a sweeping assessment of United Nations peacekeeping operations by experts recommended significant changes from top to bottom: a reformed hierarchy in New York and greater coordination and discipline among military con Read More...

Global Peace Operations Review

The Global Peace Operations Review is a website providing analysis and data on the spectrum of issues surrounding global peace and security, including civilian-led peacemaking and peacebuilding as well as uniformed peacekeeping by the United Nati Read More...

GPOR Annual Compilation

This is the second edition of the Global Peace Operations Review (GPOR) annual compilation. It is the first to collect a full year’s worth of content from the website in a single publication. Using an online platform allows us to constantly innovat Read More...

Hurry Up and Wait: EU Battlegroups and a UN Rapid Reaction Force

Throughout its public discourse, the EU keeps expressing a strong commitment toward supporting the UN in maintaining international peace and security. This includes habitually recommitting to deploying the EU Battlegroups. There have been many calls Read More...

Key Messages from Civil Society on the UN’s role in Peace and Security

On its 70th anniversary, the United Nations finds itself at a crossroads. Old and new threats, challenges and risks to international peace and security are increasingly testing the ability of the organization and the efficacy of the instruments avail Read More...

Le recours à la force est-il utile en l’absence de stratégie politique ? Enseignements des missions de l’ONU menées en RDC

Cette analyse a d’abord été préparée pour le compte du Center on International Cooperation et du International Peace Institute, dans le cadre d’une série d’articles internes commandés par le Groupe d’études indépendant de haut niveau Read More...

Lessons from Multilateral Envoys

This is the first essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Mediation was a central concern for the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations convened in October 2014. The group had a deliberatel Read More...

Libya

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Mali and the Sahel

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Meet the Envoys: Trends in Envoy Profiles and Appointments

This is the fourth essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Since the first UN mediator, Count Folke Bernadotte, was appointed in 1948 to serve as UN Mediator in Palestine, multilateral institutions h Read More...

MINUSCA

MINUSCA (UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic)  Personnel | Fatalities | Vehicles | Budget [datatrends chart="MINUSCA Personnel 2014"] [datatrends chart="MINUSCA Personnel (Milita Read More...

MISCA/AFISM-CAR

MISCA (African-led International Support Mission in the Central African Republic) Personnel | Fatalities | Vehicles | Budget [datatrends chart="MISCA Personnel 2014"] [datatrends chart="MISCA Personnel (Military) 2014"] [datatrends c Read More...

Moral Obligation: UN Missions Should Not Abandon Vulnerable Civilians in Critical Times

United Nations (UN) missions’ inaction in response to civilian killings by government troops in Darfur, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has precipitated international outcry and raised concerns on viability of UN missions in Read More...

More than a chip off the block: Strengthening IGAD-AU peacebuilding linkages (
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New Tools for Blue Helmets

The United Nations had entered the 21st century”, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Hervé Ladsous told troops at a 2013 ceremony for the first deployment of observation drones in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In 2014, Secretary-Gene Read More...

No Caveats, Please?: Breaking a Myth in UN Peace Operations

For years, the UN Secretariat said caveats were not allowed in peacekeeping operations. Mentioning them was a kind of “taboo”. They existed on the ground but were rarely acknowledged at the political level in New York. But when operations faced a Read More...

OIF Special Envoy for the Central African Republic Appointed

Operation Sangaris

Operation Sangaris (French Military Operation in the Central African Republic) Personnel | Fatalities | Vehicles | Budget [datatrends chart="Sangaris Personnel 2014"] [datatrends chart="Sangaris Personnel (Military) 2014"] [datatrend Read More...

Partnering for sustainable peace in Liberia

Liberia is at a pivotal point in its transition to a peaceful democracy. In October 2017 the country will have its first ‘open seat’ elections. The incumbent, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, will step down and hand over power to the leader of on Read More...

Partners

The Global Peace Operations Review is created with the support of the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations, the UN Department of Political Affairs, the UN Department of Field Support, the African Union Peace and Security Department, the Organizat Read More...

Peacebuilding

The challenge of effectively building and sustaining peace has reemerged on the agenda of the United Nations as a priority issue. An Advisory Group of Experts concluded in their June 2015 Report that peacebuilding has been largely left as an after Read More...

Politics in Place of Peace: The AU’s Role in Burundi

When the decision [around Burundi] reached the level of the Assembly of Heads of States, it showed that in absence of consent there is no political willingness of African leaders to act against their own Burundi has been moving toward greater instab Read More...

Protection of Civilians needs to be understood as a collaborative strategy and not a campsite

In Bentiu and other protection of civilian sites in South Sudan, the UN peacekeeping mission performs all the functions of a state within a state. With the help of humanitarian partners, it feeds, protects, and organizes those displaced by a bitter i Read More...

Protection of Civilians Strategy: A Greater Role for the Council

The protection of civilians mandate in peacekeeping was a reaction to the challenges peacekeepers directly faced in Rwanda and the Balkans and more generally a reaction to the ‘new wars’ of the post-Cold War world. Fifteen years ago, the Brahimi Read More...

Report of the African Union-United Nations Panel on Modalities for Support to African Union Peacekeeping Operations (Prodi Report) (
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Restructuring the UN Secretariat to Strengthen Preventative Diplomacy and Peace Operations

Since 1945, the United Nations has helped support many successful peace processes and protected millions of civilians around the world.  Peace operations deliver results: research estimates suggest that the presence of a UN peace keeping mission can Read More...

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Somalia

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Strategic Summary

Changing Realities: New Dimensions of Peace Operations One month before launching the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations to examine the state of UN peacekeeping operations and political missions, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon remark Read More...

Strategic Summary 2016 | UN Peace Operations by the Numbers

On 1 January 2017, a new UN Secretary-General took office. From day one, he will be responsible for more than 100,000 uniformed and civilian personnel on some 24 peace operations. The report of the 2015 High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operation Read More...

Strategic Summary test

| Alischa Kugel | One month before launching the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations to examine the state of UN peacekeeping operations and political missions, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon remarked the time had come to take st Read More...

Sudan and South Sudan

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Support Mechanisms: Multilateral, Multi-Level, and Mushrooming

This is the seventh essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of Multilateral Envoys in Peacemaking. The idea that “peace processes must be well-supported politically, technically and financially”, as UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon sta Read More...

Sustaining Peace and Prevention: Comparing Responses to Crises in Gambia and Burundi

This workshop was the fourth in the “Applying Sustaining Peace” series, and focused on how to conceptualize prevention through a sustaining peace lens. Later this year, the Secretary-General’s forthcoming report on Sustaining Peace will further Read More...

Sustaining Peace and Prevention: Comparing Responses to Crises in Gambia and Burundi (
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The “Gaping Hole” in the UN for Sustaining Peace

In 2015, multiple reviews of the UN’s peace efforts have added to the collective realization that UN peace operations – designed in the 1990s to support post-civil war peace deals – may have reached their limits for maintaining international pe Read More...

The Challenges of Full Deployment on UN Peace Operations

The UN has always had problems deploying its largest, infantry-heavy missions. The 2015 Leaders’ Summit on Peacekeeping and this week’s 2016 UN Peacekeeping Defence Ministerial in London are Member State driven initiatives to do better. Broader p Read More...

The Hazards of the Peculiar UN-NATO Relationship

More than two decades ago, the UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali in An Agenda for Peace highlighted the necessity of regional support “to lighten the burden of the Council”. He called it “a matter of delegation”. One organization tha Read More...

The UN Panel on Peace Operations: Getting the Politics Right?

All peace operations are political. Ian Martin wrote an essay with that title in CIC’s first Review of Political Missions in 2010. It is unsurprising, then, that the report of the High-Level Panel on Peace Operations of which he has been a prominen Read More...

Thematic Issues

[table id=6 /] The AU Panel of Imminent Personalities 2013 Annual Review of Global Peace Operations | The AU's Panel of Eminent African Personalities 2011 Review of Political Missions | The AU Panel of Eminent African Personalities 2010 Rev Read More...

Three’s a Crowd? Inter-Organisational Cooperation in Conflict Mediation

This is the second essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Out of the at least 51 multilateral envoys deployed in 2013 to address conflict situations around the world, 28 envoys from different multil Read More...

Towards a Continental Strategy for Countering Violent Extremism in Africa

Violent Extremism is now recognized as a growing threat to peace and security in Africa, as exemplified by the recent terrorist attacks in Garissa, Abidjan, and Ouagadougou. While much of the policy discussion on Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) fo Read More...

Triangular Cooperation – Key to All

Triangular cooperation is an idea that has been around for many years. It is supported by many, feared by some, but so far it has never been really implemented. The concept has now been resurrected by the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operati Read More...

UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic Launched

UN Peace Operations and Counter-Terrorism – A Bridge Too Far?

During the United Nations General Assembly, U.S. President Barack Obama chaired two summits – the first on peace operations on September 28, and one the following day on counter-terrorism. His participation in both demonstrated the level of commitm Read More...

UN Peacekeeping: African Uniformed Personnel by Mission, Feb 2017

UN Peacekeeping: African Uniformed Personnel by Mission, Feb 2017

UNAMID

UNAMID (African Union/UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur) Personnel | Fatalities | Vehicles | Budget [datatrends chart="UNAMID Personnel 2014"] [datatrends chart="UNAMID Personnel (Military) 2014"] [datatrends chart="UNAMID Fatalities 201 Read More...

West Africa

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Western Sahara

What Does New Momentum for UN Peace and Security Really Mean?

A famous maxim of uncertain origin defines insanity as doing the same thing repeatedly, but expecting different results. In her opening statement at the United Nations (UN) High-Level Thematic Debate on Peace and Security, Nobel Peace laureate Leymah Read More...

When should blue helmets walk away from a conflict?

The renewed crisis in South Sudan is turning into a decisive test for the United Nations. There is a growing international outcry over reports that local forces raped and killed civilians almost in front of UN peacekeepers. The Security Council has s Read More...

Where Envoys Aren’t

This is the fifth essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. This series of essays was conceived to document and analyze the work of multilateral envoys, particularly their engagement in efforts to media Read More...

Who are the Killers of Beni?

Since October 2014, the region around the town of Beni in north eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) has been the site of some of the worst massacres in the country’s recent history. Over five hundred people have been killed and tens Read More...

Who are the Killers of Beni? (
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With “Sustaining Peace” can the UN turn rhetoric into action?

In April 2015, Burundian President Pierre Nkurunziza announced that he would be seeking a third-term of office—a move that his opponents decried as unconstitutional. Protests and clashes between opposition supporters and security forces followed. A Read More...

Women, Peace and Security

The goal of the Global Peace Operations Review is to provide the most comprehensive overview of multilateral contributions to peacekeeping, conflict prevention, and post-conflict peacebuilding. In doing this, our objective is to take an integrated ap Read More...