Search Results for: 2015 [ GLOBAL ]

The Future of United Nations Peace Operations: Implementation of the Recommendations of the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (
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UN Crisis Diplomacy and Peacekeeping: An Emergency Health Check (
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“Their Priority Is Not the People”: Civilian Views on Peace Operations in Africa

“Their priority is not the people of Somalia,” a Somali woman who had recently fled to the Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya said about peacekeepers in her home country. “It is the government and themselves.” Unfortunately, this view is not uniqu Read More...

10 Trends in Peace Operations

The last two years have seen a surge in peace operations. As the data in this review shows, UN deployments grew by 8.5% in 2013 and 2014 to involve over 100,000 soldiers and police officers. In the same period, NATO drew down its presence in Afghanis Read More...

2015 UN Senior Appointments, by Gender

2015 UN Senior Appointments, by Gender

2015 UN Senior Appointments, by Nationality

2015 UN Senior Appointments, by Nationality

2015-2017 Comparative Data on UN Senior Appointments, by Gender

2015-2017 Comparative Data on UN Senior Appointments, by Gender

A Background to the Report of the High-Level Panel on Peace Operations

A year ago, when the Secretary-General put forward the idea of a new review of peacekeeping operations, he naturally referred to the Brahimi report. He argued that as the 15-year anniversary of that report approached, it was necessary “to take stoc Read More...

A rare map of the most complex conflict on earth (
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Afghanistan

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African Peace Operations

The goal of the Global Peace Operations Review is to provide the most comprehensive overview of multilateral contributions to peacekeeping, conflict prevention, and post-conflict peacebuilding. In doing this, our objective is to take a focus on all p Read More...

Application des recommendations du Groupe indéndant de haut niveau chargé d’étudier les opérations de paix (HIPPO) (
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Asia and the Pacific

AU Common position on post-2015 (
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AU Common position on UN peace operations review (
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Between Bureaucracy and Adhocracy: Crafting a Spectrum of UN Peace Operations

The array of tools the UN has developed to prevent, manage and resolve conflict has expanded in recent years. They are being deployed in new formats, from political missions and small peacebuilding teams, to large observer missions and multidimension Read More...

Can Attack Helicopters Save U.N. Peacekeeping?

Does U.N. peacekeeping matter? President Barack Obama believes that it does — and he has advocated the cause more forcefully than any of his predecessors since George H. W. Bush, who once looked to the U.N. to help forge a “new world order.” Th Read More...

Can Force Be Useful in the Absence of a Political Strategy? Lessons from the UN missions to the DR Congo

This analysis was initially written for the Center on International Cooperation and the International Peace Institute as part of a series of internal papers for the High Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations. The UN peacekeeping mission in the Read More...

Can Force Be Useful in the Absence of a Political Strategy? Lessons from the UN missions to the DR Congo (
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Can U.N. peacekeepers fight terrorists? (
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Can we make UN peacekeeping great again?

If UN peacekeeping operations are “at a crossroads” as the Secretary-General told the Security Council on 6 April, then it is a policy and linguistic roundabout. This is the same phrase that a senior official used to describe the Brahimi report i Read More...

Caucasus and Moldova

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Central Africa

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Central African Republic

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Central Asia

Challenges for Human Rights Sections of UN Peace Operations

Recent adaptations of peacekeeping practice are bringing into question the role of civilian components in UN peace operations, notably the human rights sections. When António Guterres succeeds Ban Ki-moon as UN Secretary-General, many problems will Read More...

Comoros

Conflict Prevention

The need for a greater emphasis on conflict prevention is a common theme of the major reports of 2015 on peace operations, peacebuilding, and UNSC Resolution 1325. It is a broad subject area that cuts across the wide spectrum of peace operations. Co Read More...

Cyprus

Database on Global Peace Operations | User Guide (
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Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Protected: Drafts

As the clamour grows for a woman to be chosen as the next Secretary-General, other high-level staff appointments have been quietly but steadily defying the UN's longstanding goal of gender parity. Seemingly unnoticed, this year's selections for Read More...

Ethiopia and Eritrea

EU CSDP Mission in Mali Launched

EU Military Operation in the Central African Republic Launched

Europe and the Western Balkans

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European militaries need to pull their weight (
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European Military Contributions to UN Peace Operations in Africa

European forces have played a very limited military role in United Nations (UN) peace operations in Africa over the last two decades. In some periods, European personnel have accounted for less than 2% of the blue helmets on the continent. Yet there Read More...

European Military Contributions to UN Peace Operations in Africa – Maximizing Strategic Impact (
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Featured Data

Welcome to the GPOR Featured Data page. Here you’ll find links to visualizations of headline data and trends in global peace operations and the international system. Topics covered include peace operation missions, contributions of uniformed person Read More...

Featured Data Archive

Welcome to the GPOR Featured Data page. Here you’ll find links to visualizations of headline data and trends in global peace operations and the international system. Topics covered include peace operation missions, contributions of uniformed person Read More...

Featured where do they go 2014

Origin and Destination of Personnel in UN Peace Operations

Fixing UN Peacekeeping Operations: The World’s Most Complicated Army

It has been almost a year since a sweeping assessment of United Nations peacekeeping operations by experts recommended significant changes from top to bottom: a reformed hierarchy in New York and greater coordination and discipline among military con Read More...

Global Peace Operations Review

The Global Peace Operations Review is a website providing analysis and data on the spectrum of issues surrounding global peace and security, including civilian-led peacemaking and peacebuilding as well as uniformed peacekeeping by the United Nati Read More...

Global Peace Operations Review Annual Compilation 2015 (
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The second edition of the Global Peace Operations Review Annual Compilation

Global Statistics on Peace Operations

Database on Global Peace Operations   In keeping with our mission to improve the effectiveness of peace operations, the Global Peace Operations Review has built a unique, comprehensive dataset that tracks political and peacekeeping mission dat Read More...

Global Study on the Implementation of UNSC Resolution 1325 (
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GPOR Annual Compilation

This is the second edition of the Global Peace Operations Review (GPOR) annual compilation. It is the first to collect a full year’s worth of content from the website in a single publication. Using an online platform allows us to constantly innovat Read More...

GPOR Annual Compilation now available via print-on-demand

For almost a decade, the Annual Review of Global Peace Operations (ARGPO) was the flagship publication of the Center on International Cooperation (CIC). During that time, CIC also released three editions of the Review of Political Missions. Together, Read More...

Haiti

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Has UN Peacekeeping Become More Deadly?

Many practitioners believe that peacekeeping has become an increasingly dangerous undertaking in recent years. My research paper “Has UN Peacekeeping Become More Deadly? Analyzing Trends in UN Fatalities”, tries to get at the heart of this questi Read More...

How can the UN move towards more people-centered peace operations?

A slew of recent reviews, such as the high level panel on UN peace operations report (HIPPO report), the 2015 review of the UN peacebuilding architecture and the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, have all put people at the front and center of Read More...

Hurry Up and Wait: EU Battlegroups and a UN Rapid Reaction Force

Throughout its public discourse, the EU keeps expressing a strong commitment toward supporting the UN in maintaining international peace and security. This includes habitually recommitting to deploying the EU Battlegroups. There have been many calls Read More...

Implementation of Landmark Text on Women, Peace, Security Agenda | UN Resolution 2242 (
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Independent Review of the New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States (
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India-Pakistan

Infographic

Infographics and Media

Ten Trends in Global Peace Ops Read the full Essay Ten Trends in Peace Operations  by Richard Gowan Download and share a .PDF or .PNG of the Infographic

Iraq

Is the UN really moving toward gender equality?

New research raises the question of whether the UN is burying statistics on gender representation in order to cover up lack of progress. The United Nation’s founding charter highlights not only the mission “to save succeeding generations from th Read More...

Keeping peace among peacekeepers (
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Key Messages from Civil Society on the UN’s role in Peace and Security

On its 70th anniversary, the United Nations finds itself at a crossroads. Old and new threats, challenges and risks to international peace and security are increasingly testing the ability of the organization and the efficacy of the instruments avail Read More...

La Professionnalisation du Maintien de la Paix des Nations Unies ou le travail de Sisyphe

Les critiques à l’égard du maintien de la paix des Nations Unies, de ses Casques bleus, sont nombreuses et font souvent, plus que ses succès, les gros titres de la presse nationale ou internationale ; le maintien de la paix subit les railleries Read More...

Latin America and the Caribbean

Le recours à la force est-il utile en l’absence de stratégie politique ? Enseignements des missions de l’ONU menées en RDC (
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Leaders Summit on Peacekeeping (
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Leading the Way to a More Equal Peace: Senior Management and Gender Mainstreaming (
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Les opérations de maintien de la paix : le réalisme confronté aux ambitions

Les Casques bleus face à une nouvelle crise de croissance ? Contrairement aux pronostics faits à la fin des années 90, le maintien de la paix n’a cessé de s’accroitre depuis, au point d’atteindre un nouveau pic de déploiement, avec la mi Read More...

Lessons from Multilateral Envoys

This is the first essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Mediation was a central concern for the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations convened in October 2014. The group had a deliberatel Read More...

Libya

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Mali and the Sahel

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Maps

UN Global Peace Operations Invaluable for viewing where #Pakistan has soldier deployed for .@UN_Peacekeeping https://t.co/pOXyPtB8wR — Sabena Siddiqi (@sabena_siddiqi) July 21, 2015 Download and share a .PDF or .PNG&nbsp ver Read More...

Meet the Envoys: Trends in Envoy Profiles and Appointments

This is the fourth essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Since the first UN mediator, Count Folke Bernadotte, was appointed in 1948 to serve as UN Mediator in Palestine, multilateral institutions h Read More...

Middle East

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Missed Opportunities: Gender and the UN’s Peacebuilding and Peace Operations Reports

Gender issues are now a regular feature of the international community’s approach to promoting peace and security. Two high-profile reports recently issued by the UN – on peace operations and the organization’s peacebuilding architecture – in Read More...

Moral Obligation: UN Missions Should Not Abandon Vulnerable Civilians in Critical Times

United Nations (UN) missions’ inaction in response to civilian killings by government troops in Darfur, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has precipitated international outcry and raised concerns on viability of UN missions in Read More...

Multilateral Envoys: Challenges to Assessing Success

This is the sixth essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Envoys dispatched to make peace deploy with a bag full of assumptions. Those who send them believe the multilateral framework gives their emi Read More...

Nepal

New Tools for Blue Helmets

The United Nations had entered the 21st century”, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Hervé Ladsous told troops at a 2013 ceremony for the first deployment of observation drones in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In 2014, Secretary-Gene Read More...

No Caveats, Please?: Breaking a Myth in UN Peace Operations

For years, the UN Secretariat said caveats were not allowed in peacekeeping operations. Mentioning them was a kind of “taboo”. They existed on the ground but were rarely acknowledged at the political level in New York. But when operations faced a Read More...

Partnering for sustainable peace in Liberia

Liberia is at a pivotal point in its transition to a peaceful democracy. In October 2017 the country will have its first ‘open seat’ elections. The incumbent, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, will step down and hand over power to the leader of on Read More...

Peacebuilding

The challenge of effectively building and sustaining peace has reemerged on the agenda of the United Nations as a priority issue. An Advisory Group of Experts concluded in their June 2015 Report that peacebuilding has been largely left as an after Read More...

PeaceOps Monthly Roundup

Download a .PDF file of our Monthly Reports 2017 [gallery link="none" size="medium" ids="3258,3228,3197,3147,3111,3068"] 2016 [gallery link="none" size="medium" ids="3061,2936,2898,2868,2823,2789,2708,2652,2558,2484,2371,2296"]   Read More...

Politics in Place of Peace: The AU’s Role in Burundi

When the decision [around Burundi] reached the level of the Assembly of Heads of States, it showed that in absence of consent there is no political willingness of African leaders to act against their own Burundi has been moving toward greater instab Read More...

Preventing Conflicts, Building Durable Peace (
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Protection of Civilians needs to be understood as a collaborative strategy and not a campsite

In Bentiu and other protection of civilian sites in South Sudan, the UN peacekeeping mission performs all the functions of a state within a state. With the help of humanitarian partners, it feeds, protects, and organizes those displaced by a bitter i Read More...

Protection of Civilians Strategy: A Greater Role for the Council

The protection of civilians mandate in peacekeeping was a reaction to the challenges peacekeepers directly faced in Rwanda and the Balkans and more generally a reaction to the ‘new wars’ of the post-Cold War world. Fifteen years ago, the Brahimi Read More...

Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations and conflict prevention: a collective recommitment (
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Reversing the trend: UN Peacekeeping in 2017

This Wednesday, March 28, 2018, the Security Council is holding an open debate on “Collective Action to Improve UN Peacekeeping Operations,” with the participation of the Secretary-General. In honor of the debate, CIC is publishing three posts th Read More...

Somalia

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Statement by the President of the Security Council (
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Strategic Summary

Changing Realities: New Dimensions of Peace Operations One month before launching the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations to examine the state of UN peacekeeping operations and political missions, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon remark Read More...

Strategic Summary 2016 | UN Peace Operations by the Numbers

On 1 January 2017, a new UN Secretary-General took office. From day one, he will be responsible for more than 100,000 uniformed and civilian personnel on some 24 peace operations. The report of the 2015 High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operation Read More...

Strategic Summary Archive

These archive pages provide full access to relevant texts from the print edition of the NYU Center on International Cooperation’s Annual Review of Global Peace Operations and the Review of Political Missions. For the years 2013 – 2011 of the Annu Read More...

Strategic Summary test

| Alischa Kugel | One month before launching the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations to examine the state of UN peacekeeping operations and political missions, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon remarked the time had come to take st Read More...

Sudan and South Sudan

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Support Mechanisms: Multilateral, Multi-Level, and Mushrooming

This is the seventh essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of Multilateral Envoys in Peacemaking. The idea that “peace processes must be well-supported politically, technically and financially”, as UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon sta Read More...

Sustaining Peace and Peace Operation Mandates: The Liberia Transition

Applying Sustaining Peace Workshop 1 On 14 December 2016, NYU’s Center on International Cooperation (CIC), the Dag Hammarskjold Foundation (DHF) and the International Peace Institute (IPI) organized the first in a series of workshops in support of Read More...

Syria

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Taking Action on Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Peacekeepers (
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The “Gaping Hole” in the UN for Sustaining Peace

In 2015, multiple reviews of the UN’s peace efforts have added to the collective realization that UN peace operations – designed in the 1990s to support post-civil war peace deals – may have reached their limits for maintaining international pe Read More...

The Basque Conflict and ETA: The Difficulties of an Ending (
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The Challenge of Sustaining Peace: Report of the Advisory Group of Experts for the 2015 Review of the United Nations Peacebuilding Architecture (
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The Challenges of Full Deployment on UN Peace Operations

The UN has always had problems deploying its largest, infantry-heavy missions. The 2015 Leaders’ Summit on Peacekeeping and this week’s 2016 UN Peacekeeping Defence Ministerial in London are Member State driven initiatives to do better. Broader p Read More...

The end of a peacekeeping era

An era of UN peacekeeping ended on Good Friday, as the organization’s fifteen-year old mission in Liberia (UNMIL) closed shop.  This follows the termination of the UN missions in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) last summer and that in Haiti (MINUSTAH) in Read More...

The enduring legitimacy of UN peace operations (
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The Hazards of the Peculiar UN-NATO Relationship

More than two decades ago, the UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali in An Agenda for Peace highlighted the necessity of regional support “to lighten the burden of the Council”. He called it “a matter of delegation”. One organization tha Read More...

The Landscape of Armed Groups in the Eastern Congo (
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The Loss of Arms and Ammunition in Peace Operations: Mapping and Addressing the Challenge

In January 2016, al-Shabaab militants attacked an African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) forward operating base in El Adde, Somalia. They held the base for several days before the Kenya Defence Forces managed to reclaim it. Media reporting has und Read More...

The Practical is the Political: The UN’s Global Study on Women, Peace and Security

Weighing in at just under five pounds, the 417-page Global Study on the Implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325, released last month, is nothing if not ambitious. Its expansive subtitle – “Preventing Conflict, Transforming Justice, Read More...

The Search for Peace: Perspectives on Mediation 2010-2015 (
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The Tunisia Conundrum: Sowing dictatorship, harvesting terrorism

Why is Tunisia producing the world’s largest numbers of jihadi foreign fighters when the country is seemingly the one success story emerging from the 2011 Arab uprisings? It is a conundrum that has confounded analysts not least because the answers Read More...

The UN Panel on Peace Operations: Getting the Politics Right?

All peace operations are political. Ian Martin wrote an essay with that title in CIC’s first Review of Political Missions in 2010. It is unsurprising, then, that the report of the High-Level Panel on Peace Operations of which he has been a prominen Read More...

The United Nations and Preventive Diplomacy – Challenges and Opportunities (
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Thematic Essays Archive

These archive pages provide full access to relevant texts from the print edition of the NYU Center on International Cooperation’s Annual Review of Global Peace Operations and the Review of Political Missions. For the years 2013 – 2011 of the Annu Read More...

Thematic Issues

[table id=6 /] The AU Panel of Imminent Personalities 2013 Annual Review of Global Peace Operations | The AU's Panel of Eminent African Personalities 2011 Review of Political Missions | The AU Panel of Eminent African Personalities 2010 Rev Read More...

Then and Now: How the United States Peacebuilding Architecture is meeting its mandates (
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Three’s a Crowd? Inter-Organisational Cooperation in Conflict Mediation

This is the second essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Out of the at least 51 multilateral envoys deployed in 2013 to address conflict situations around the world, 28 envoys from different multil Read More...

Top TCCs to Top PKOs by Budget, 2016-17

Top TCCs to Top PKOs by Budget, 2016-17

Towards a Continental Strategy for Countering Violent Extremism in Africa

Violent Extremism is now recognized as a growing threat to peace and security in Africa, as exemplified by the recent terrorist attacks in Garissa, Abidjan, and Ouagadougou. While much of the policy discussion on Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) fo Read More...

Trends in Special Political Missions

Today, March 28, 2018, the Security Council is holding an open debate on “Collective Action to Improve UN Peacekeeping Operations,” with the participation of the Secretary-General. In honor of the debate, CIC is publishing three posts this week c Read More...

Triangular Cooperation – Key to All

Triangular cooperation is an idea that has been around for many years. It is supported by many, feared by some, but so far it has never been really implemented. The concept has now been resurrected by the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operati Read More...

Two Years After the Juba Clashes: Has UNMISS’s Protection of Displaced People Improved?

In July 2016, serious fighting erupted in Juba, the capital of South Sudan, when a peace agreement signed less than a year before broke down. Many citizens were killed, often in deliberate, ethnically motivated attacks, while others sought safety in Read More...

Ukraine

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UN DDR in an Era of violent Extremism (
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UN Peace Operations and Counter-Terrorism – A Bridge Too Far?

During the United Nations General Assembly, U.S. President Barack Obama chaired two summits – the first on peace operations on September 28, and one the following day on counter-terrorism. His participation in both demonstrated the level of commitm Read More...

UN Secretary-General’s Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism (
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United States Support to United Nations Peace Operations (
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Uniting Our Strengths for Peace, Politics, Partnership and People (HIPPO Report) (
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West Africa

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Western Sahara

What Does New Momentum for UN Peace and Security Really Mean?

A famous maxim of uncertain origin defines insanity as doing the same thing repeatedly, but expecting different results. In her opening statement at the United Nations (UN) High-Level Thematic Debate on Peace and Security, Nobel Peace laureate Leymah Read More...

What I Saw in Afghanistan (
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When should blue helmets walk away from a conflict?

The renewed crisis in South Sudan is turning into a decisive test for the United Nations. There is a growing international outcry over reports that local forces raped and killed civilians almost in front of UN peacekeepers. The Security Council has s Read More...

Where Envoys Aren’t

This is the fifth essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. This series of essays was conceived to document and analyze the work of multilateral envoys, particularly their engagement in efforts to media Read More...

Who are the Killers of Beni?

Since October 2014, the region around the town of Beni in north eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) has been the site of some of the worst massacres in the country’s recent history. Over five hundred people have been killed and tens Read More...

With “Sustaining Peace” can the UN turn rhetoric into action?

In April 2015, Burundian President Pierre Nkurunziza announced that he would be seeking a third-term of office—a move that his opponents decried as unconstitutional. Protests and clashes between opposition supporters and security forces followed. A Read More...

Women, Peace and Security

The goal of the Global Peace Operations Review is to provide the most comprehensive overview of multilateral contributions to peacekeeping, conflict prevention, and post-conflict peacebuilding. In doing this, our objective is to take an integrated ap Read More...

Yemen