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United Nations Force Intervention Brigade in DRC Launched

10 Trends in Peace Operations

The last two years have seen a surge in peace operations. As the data in this review shows, UN deployments grew by 8.5% in 2013 and 2014 to involve over 100,000 soldiers and police officers. In the same period, NATO drew down its presence in Afghanis Read More...

A Background to the Report of the High-Level Panel on Peace Operations

A year ago, when the Secretary-General put forward the idea of a new review of peacekeeping operations, he naturally referred to the Brahimi report. He argued that as the 15-year anniversary of that report approached, it was necessary “to take stoc Read More...

Can we make UN peacekeeping great again?

If UN peacekeeping operations are “at a crossroads” as the Secretary-General told the Security Council on 6 April, then it is a policy and linguistic roundabout. This is the same phrase that a senior official used to describe the Brahimi report i Read More...

Central Africa

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Challenges for Human Rights Sections of UN Peace Operations

Recent adaptations of peacekeeping practice are bringing into question the role of civilian components in UN peace operations, notably the human rights sections. When António Guterres succeeds Ban Ki-moon as UN Secretary-General, many problems will Read More...

Democratic Republic of the Congo

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EUSEC RD Congo

EUSEC RD Congo (European Union Mission to Provide Advice and Assistance for Security Sector Reform in the DRC) Personnel | Fatalities | Vehicles | Budget [datatrends chart="EUSEC Personnel 2014"] [datatrends chart="EUSEC Personnel (Mi Read More...

FROM MANDATE TO MISSION: Mitigating Civilian Harm in UN Peacekeeping Operations in the DRC (
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How can the UN move towards more people-centered peace operations?

A slew of recent reviews, such as the high level panel on UN peace operations report (HIPPO report), the 2015 review of the UN peacebuilding architecture and the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, have all put people at the front and center of Read More...

Hurry Up and Wait: EU Battlegroups and a UN Rapid Reaction Force

Throughout its public discourse, the EU keeps expressing a strong commitment toward supporting the UN in maintaining international peace and security. This includes habitually recommitting to deploying the EU Battlegroups. There have been many calls Read More...

Lessons from Multilateral Envoys

This is the first essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Mediation was a central concern for the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations convened in October 2014. The group had a deliberatel Read More...

Moral Obligation: UN Missions Should Not Abandon Vulnerable Civilians in Critical Times

United Nations (UN) missions’ inaction in response to civilian killings by government troops in Darfur, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has precipitated international outcry and raised concerns on viability of UN missions in Read More...

New Tools for Blue Helmets

The United Nations had entered the 21st century”, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Hervé Ladsous told troops at a 2013 ceremony for the first deployment of observation drones in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In 2014, Secretary-Gene Read More...

Protection of Civilians Strategy: A Greater Role for the Council

The protection of civilians mandate in peacekeeping was a reaction to the challenges peacekeepers directly faced in Rwanda and the Balkans and more generally a reaction to the ‘new wars’ of the post-Cold War world. Fifteen years ago, the Brahimi Read More...

Restructuring the UN Secretariat to Strengthen Preventative Diplomacy and Peace Operations

Since 1945, the United Nations has helped support many successful peace processes and protected millions of civilians around the world.  Peace operations deliver results: research estimates suggest that the presence of a UN peace keeping mission can Read More...

Reversing the trend: UN Peacekeeping in 2017

This Wednesday, March 28, 2018, the Security Council is holding an open debate on “Collective Action to Improve UN Peacekeeping Operations,” with the participation of the Secretary-General. In honor of the debate, CIC is publishing three posts th Read More...

Strategic Summary

Changing Realities: New Dimensions of Peace Operations One month before launching the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations to examine the state of UN peacekeeping operations and political missions, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon remark Read More...

Strategic Summary 2016 | UN Peace Operations by the Numbers

On 1 January 2017, a new UN Secretary-General took office. From day one, he will be responsible for more than 100,000 uniformed and civilian personnel on some 24 peace operations. The report of the 2015 High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operation Read More...

Strategic Summary test

| Alischa Kugel | One month before launching the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations to examine the state of UN peacekeeping operations and political missions, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon remarked the time had come to take st Read More...

The Challenges of Full Deployment on UN Peace Operations

The UN has always had problems deploying its largest, infantry-heavy missions. The 2015 Leaders’ Summit on Peacekeeping and this week’s 2016 UN Peacekeeping Defence Ministerial in London are Member State driven initiatives to do better. Broader p Read More...

The end of a peacekeeping era

An era of UN peacekeeping ended on Good Friday, as the organization’s fifteen-year old mission in Liberia (UNMIL) closed shop.  This follows the termination of the UN missions in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) last summer and that in Haiti (MINUSTAH) in Read More...

The UN Panel on Peace Operations: Getting the Politics Right?

All peace operations are political. Ian Martin wrote an essay with that title in CIC’s first Review of Political Missions in 2010. It is unsurprising, then, that the report of the High-Level Panel on Peace Operations of which he has been a prominen Read More...

Three’s a Crowd? Inter-Organisational Cooperation in Conflict Mediation

This is the second essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Out of the at least 51 multilateral envoys deployed in 2013 to address conflict situations around the world, 28 envoys from different multil Read More...

UN Peace Operations and Counter-Terrorism – A Bridge Too Far?

During the United Nations General Assembly, U.S. President Barack Obama chaired two summits – the first on peace operations on September 28, and one the following day on counter-terrorism. His participation in both demonstrated the level of commitm Read More...

When should blue helmets walk away from a conflict?

The renewed crisis in South Sudan is turning into a decisive test for the United Nations. There is a growing international outcry over reports that local forces raped and killed civilians almost in front of UN peacekeepers. The Security Council has s Read More...

Who are the Killers of Beni? (
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