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10 Trends in Peace Operations

The last two years have seen a surge in peace operations. As the data in this review shows, UN deployments grew by 8.5% in 2013 and 2014 to involve over 100,000 soldiers and police officers. In the same period, NATO drew down its presence in Afghanis Read More...

About

The Global Peace Operations Review is an interactive web-portal presenting in-depth analysis and detailed data on military peacekeeping operations and civilian-led political missions by the United Nations, regional organizations and ad-hoc coalitions Read More...

Afghanistan

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African Peace Operations

The goal of the Global Peace Operations Review is to provide the most comprehensive overview of multilateral contributions to peacekeeping, conflict prevention, and post-conflict peacebuilding. In doing this, our objective is to take a focus on all p Read More...

Asia and the Pacific

Can Attack Helicopters Save U.N. Peacekeeping?

Does U.N. peacekeeping matter? President Barack Obama believes that it does — and he has advocated the cause more forcefully than any of his predecessors since George H. W. Bush, who once looked to the U.N. to help forge a “new world order.” Th Read More...

Can Force Be Useful in the Absence of a Political Strategy? Lessons from the UN missions to the DR Congo

This analysis was initially written for the Center on International Cooperation and the International Peace Institute as part of a series of internal papers for the High Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations. The UN peacekeeping mission in the Read More...

Can we make UN peacekeeping great again?

If UN peacekeeping operations are “at a crossroads” as the Secretary-General told the Security Council on 6 April, then it is a policy and linguistic roundabout. This is the same phrase that a senior official used to describe the Brahimi report i Read More...

Caucasus and Moldova

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Central Africa

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Central African Republic

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Central Asia

Choosing Envoys Wisely

This is the third essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Special envoys are, by definition, agents appointed by a principal or a group of principals for a particular task. Yet their scope of power an Read More...

Conflict Prevention

The need for a greater emphasis on conflict prevention is a common theme of the major reports of 2015 on peace operations, peacebuilding, and UNSC Resolution 1325. It is a broad subject area that cuts across the wide spectrum of peace operations. Co Read More...

Cyprus

Democratic Republic of the Congo

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EU NAVFOR Somalia

EU NAVFOR Somalia (European Union Naval Force ATALANTA) Personnel | Fatalities | Vehicles | Budget [datatrends chart="NAVFOR Personnel 2014"] [datatrends chart="NAVFOR Personnel (Military) 2014"] [datatrends chart="NAVFOR Fatalities Read More...

Europe and the Western Balkans

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European militaries need to pull their weight (
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European Military Contributions to UN Peace Operations in Africa

European forces have played a very limited military role in United Nations (UN) peace operations in Africa over the last two decades. In some periods, European personnel have accounted for less than 2% of the blue helmets on the continent. Yet there Read More...

European Military Contributions to UN Peace Operations in Africa – Maximizing Strategic Impact (
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European Uniformed Personnel by Mission, Feb 2017

European Uniformed Personnel by Mission, Feb 2017

EUSEC RD Congo

EUSEC RD Congo (European Union Mission to Provide Advice and Assistance for Security Sector Reform in the DRC) Personnel | Fatalities | Vehicles | Budget [datatrends chart="EUSEC Personnel 2014"] [datatrends chart="EUSEC Personnel (Mi Read More...

EUTM Somalia

EUTM Somalia (European Union Training Mission in Somalia) Personnel | Fatalities | Vehicles | Budget [datatrends chart="EUTMS Personnel 2014"] [datatrends chart="EUTMS Personnel (Military) 2014"] [datatrends chart="EUTMS Fatalities 2 Read More...

Featured Data

Welcome to the GPOR Featured Data page. Here you’ll find links to visualizations of headline data and trends in global peace operations and the international system. Topics covered include peace operation missions, contributions of uniformed person Read More...

Featured Data Archive

Welcome to the GPOR Featured Data page. Here you’ll find links to visualizations of headline data and trends in global peace operations and the international system. Topics covered include peace operation missions, contributions of uniformed person Read More...

Has UN Peacekeeping Become More Deadly?

Many practitioners believe that peacekeeping has become an increasingly dangerous undertaking in recent years. My research paper “Has UN Peacekeeping Become More Deadly? Analyzing Trends in UN Fatalities”, tries to get at the heart of this questi Read More...

Hurry Up and Wait: EU Battlegroups and a UN Rapid Reaction Force

Throughout its public discourse, the EU keeps expressing a strong commitment toward supporting the UN in maintaining international peace and security. This includes habitually recommitting to deploying the EU Battlegroups. There have been many calls Read More...

Iraq

Key Messages from Civil Society on the UN’s role in Peace and Security

On its 70th anniversary, the United Nations finds itself at a crossroads. Old and new threats, challenges and risks to international peace and security are increasingly testing the ability of the organization and the efficacy of the instruments avail Read More...

Le recours à la force est-il utile en l’absence de stratégie politique ? Enseignements des missions de l’ONU menées en RDC

Cette analyse a d’abord été préparée pour le compte du Center on International Cooperation et du International Peace Institute, dans le cadre d’une série d’articles internes commandés par le Groupe d’études indépendant de haut niveau Read More...

Lessons from Multilateral Envoys

This is the first essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Mediation was a central concern for the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations convened in October 2014. The group had a deliberatel Read More...

Mali and the Sahel

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Meet the Envoys: Trends in Envoy Profiles and Appointments

This is the fourth essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Since the first UN mediator, Count Folke Bernadotte, was appointed in 1948 to serve as UN Mediator in Palestine, multilateral institutions h Read More...

Middle East

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New Tools for Blue Helmets

The United Nations had entered the 21st century”, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Hervé Ladsous told troops at a 2013 ceremony for the first deployment of observation drones in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In 2014, Secretary-Gene Read More...

No Caveats, Please?: Breaking a Myth in UN Peace Operations

For years, the UN Secretariat said caveats were not allowed in peacekeeping operations. Mentioning them was a kind of “taboo”. They existed on the ground but were rarely acknowledged at the political level in New York. But when operations faced a Read More...

Partners

The Global Peace Operations Review is created with the support of the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations, the UN Department of Political Affairs, the UN Department of Field Support, the African Union Peace and Security Department, the Organizat Read More...

Politics in Place of Peace: The AU’s Role in Burundi

When the decision [around Burundi] reached the level of the Assembly of Heads of States, it showed that in absence of consent there is no political willingness of African leaders to act against their own Burundi has been moving toward greater instab Read More...

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Somalia

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Strategic Summary

Changing Realities: New Dimensions of Peace Operations One month before launching the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations to examine the state of UN peacekeeping operations and political missions, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon remark Read More...

Strategic Summary 2016 | UN Peace Operations by the Numbers

On 1 January 2017, a new UN Secretary-General took office. From day one, he will be responsible for more than 100,000 uniformed and civilian personnel on some 24 peace operations. The report of the 2015 High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operation Read More...

Strategic Summary test

| Alischa Kugel | One month before launching the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations to examine the state of UN peacekeeping operations and political missions, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon remarked the time had come to take st Read More...

Sudan and South Sudan

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Support Mechanisms: Multilateral, Multi-Level, and Mushrooming

This is the seventh essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of Multilateral Envoys in Peacemaking. The idea that “peace processes must be well-supported politically, technically and financially”, as UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon sta Read More...

The Basque Conflict and ETA: The Difficulties of an Ending (
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The Challenges of Full Deployment on UN Peace Operations

The UN has always had problems deploying its largest, infantry-heavy missions. The 2015 Leaders’ Summit on Peacekeeping and this week’s 2016 UN Peacekeeping Defence Ministerial in London are Member State driven initiatives to do better. Broader p Read More...

The Hazards of the Peculiar UN-NATO Relationship

More than two decades ago, the UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali in An Agenda for Peace highlighted the necessity of regional support “to lighten the burden of the Council”. He called it “a matter of delegation”. One organization tha Read More...

The Tunisia Conundrum: Sowing dictatorship, harvesting terrorism

Why is Tunisia producing the world’s largest numbers of jihadi foreign fighters when the country is seemingly the one success story emerging from the 2011 Arab uprisings? It is a conundrum that has confounded analysts not least because the answers Read More...

The UN Panel on Peace Operations: Getting the Politics Right?

All peace operations are political. Ian Martin wrote an essay with that title in CIC’s first Review of Political Missions in 2010. It is unsurprising, then, that the report of the High-Level Panel on Peace Operations of which he has been a prominen Read More...

Thematic Issues

[table id=6 /] The AU Panel of Imminent Personalities 2013 Annual Review of Global Peace Operations | The AU's Panel of Eminent African Personalities 2011 Review of Political Missions | The AU Panel of Eminent African Personalities 2010 Rev Read More...

Three’s a Crowd? Inter-Organisational Cooperation in Conflict Mediation

This is the second essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Out of the at least 51 multilateral envoys deployed in 2013 to address conflict situations around the world, 28 envoys from different multil Read More...

Towards a Continental Strategy for Countering Violent Extremism in Africa

Violent Extremism is now recognized as a growing threat to peace and security in Africa, as exemplified by the recent terrorist attacks in Garissa, Abidjan, and Ouagadougou. While much of the policy discussion on Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) fo Read More...

Ukraine

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UN Peace Operations and Counter-Terrorism – A Bridge Too Far?

During the United Nations General Assembly, U.S. President Barack Obama chaired two summits – the first on peace operations on September 28, and one the following day on counter-terrorism. His participation in both demonstrated the level of commitm Read More...

West Africa

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When should blue helmets walk away from a conflict?

The renewed crisis in South Sudan is turning into a decisive test for the United Nations. There is a growing international outcry over reports that local forces raped and killed civilians almost in front of UN peacekeepers. The Security Council has s Read More...

Where Envoys Aren’t

This is the fifth essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. This series of essays was conceived to document and analyze the work of multilateral envoys, particularly their engagement in efforts to media Read More...

Yemen