Search Results for: sudan [ GLOBAL ]

“Their Priority Is Not the People”: Civilian Views on Peace Operations in Africa

“Their priority is not the people of Somalia,” a Somali woman who had recently fled to the Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya said about peacekeepers in her home country. “It is the government and themselves.” Unfortunately, this view is not uniqu Read More...

10 Trends in Peace Operations

The last two years have seen a surge in peace operations. As the data in this review shows, UN deployments grew by 8.5% in 2013 and 2014 to involve over 100,000 soldiers and police officers. In the same period, NATO drew down its presence in Afghanis Read More...

African Peace Operations

The goal of the Global Peace Operations Review is to provide the most comprehensive overview of multilateral contributions to peacekeeping, conflict prevention, and post-conflict peacebuilding. In doing this, our objective is to take a focus on all p Read More...

Can Attack Helicopters Save U.N. Peacekeeping?

Does U.N. peacekeeping matter? President Barack Obama believes that it does — and he has advocated the cause more forcefully than any of his predecessors since George H. W. Bush, who once looked to the U.N. to help forge a “new world order.” Th Read More...

Can we make UN peacekeeping great again?

If UN peacekeeping operations are “at a crossroads” as the Secretary-General told the Security Council on 6 April, then it is a policy and linguistic roundabout. This is the same phrase that a senior official used to describe the Brahimi report i Read More...

Central Africa

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Challenges for Human Rights Sections of UN Peace Operations

Recent adaptations of peacekeeping practice are bringing into question the role of civilian components in UN peace operations, notably the human rights sections. When António Guterres succeeds Ban Ki-moon as UN Secretary-General, many problems will Read More...

Challenges to Protections of Civilians in South Sudan (
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Choosing Envoys Wisely

This is the third essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Special envoys are, by definition, agents appointed by a principal or a group of principals for a particular task. Yet their scope of power an Read More...

Conflict Prevention

The need for a greater emphasis on conflict prevention is a common theme of the major reports of 2015 on peace operations, peacebuilding, and UNSC Resolution 1325. It is a broad subject area that cuts across the wide spectrum of peace operations. Co Read More...

Democratise or disintegrate How the AU can help South Sudan (
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Democratise or disintegrate: How the AU can help South Sudan

The implementation of South Sudan’s latest peace agreement appears to be at a standstill. Insecurity, food shortages and the breakdown in governance have forced more than 1.5 million people to flee the country. President Salva Kiir’s announcemen Read More...

Diplomacy in Action: Expanding the UN Security Council’s Role in Crisis and Conflict Prevention

The UN Security Council has the potential to play a greater direct role in crisis response and mediation not only in New York, but in the field. It has done so sporadically in the past. In its early years, the Council experimented with inter-governme Read More...

Executive Summary of the Independent Special Investigation into the violence which occurred in Juba in 2016 and UNMISS response (
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Featured Data

Welcome to the GPOR Featured Data page. Here you’ll find links to visualizations of headline data and trends in global peace operations and the international system. Topics covered include peace operation missions, contributions of uniformed person Read More...

Featured Data Archive

Welcome to the GPOR Featured Data page. Here you’ll find links to visualizations of headline data and trends in global peace operations and the international system. Topics covered include peace operation missions, contributions of uniformed person Read More...

GPOR Annual Compilation

This is the second edition of the Global Peace Operations Review (GPOR) annual compilation. It is the first to collect a full year’s worth of content from the website in a single publication. Using an online platform allows us to constantly innovat Read More...

How can the UN move towards more people-centered peace operations?

A slew of recent reviews, such as the high level panel on UN peace operations report (HIPPO report), the 2015 review of the UN peacebuilding architecture and the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, have all put people at the front and center of Read More...

IGAD Special Envoys to South Sudan Appointed

Lessons from Multilateral Envoys

This is the first essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Mediation was a central concern for the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations convened in October 2014. The group had a deliberatel Read More...

Meet the Envoys: Trends in Envoy Profiles and Appointments

This is the fourth essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Since the first UN mediator, Count Folke Bernadotte, was appointed in 1948 to serve as UN Mediator in Palestine, multilateral institutions h Read More...

Moral Obligation: UN Missions Should Not Abandon Vulnerable Civilians in Critical Times

United Nations (UN) missions’ inaction in response to civilian killings by government troops in Darfur, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has precipitated international outcry and raised concerns on viability of UN missions in Read More...

New Tools for Blue Helmets

The United Nations had entered the 21st century”, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Hervé Ladsous told troops at a 2013 ceremony for the first deployment of observation drones in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In 2014, Secretary-Gene Read More...

Peacebuilding

The challenge of effectively building and sustaining peace has reemerged on the agenda of the United Nations as a priority issue. An Advisory Group of Experts concluded in their June 2015 Report that peacebuilding has been largely left as an after Read More...

Politics in Place of Peace: The AU’s Role in Burundi

When the decision [around Burundi] reached the level of the Assembly of Heads of States, it showed that in absence of consent there is no political willingness of African leaders to act against their own Burundi has been moving toward greater instab Read More...

Protection of Civilians needs to be understood as a collaborative strategy and not a campsite

In Bentiu and other protection of civilian sites in South Sudan, the UN peacekeeping mission performs all the functions of a state within a state. With the help of humanitarian partners, it feeds, protects, and organizes those displaced by a bitter i Read More...

Protection of Civilians Sites (
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Protection of Civilians Strategy: A Greater Role for the Council

The protection of civilians mandate in peacekeeping was a reaction to the challenges peacekeepers directly faced in Rwanda and the Balkans and more generally a reaction to the ‘new wars’ of the post-Cold War world. Fifteen years ago, the Brahimi Read More...

Restructuring the UN Secretariat to Strengthen Preventative Diplomacy and Peace Operations

Since 1945, the United Nations has helped support many successful peace processes and protected millions of civilians around the world.  Peace operations deliver results: research estimates suggest that the presence of a UN peace keeping mission can Read More...

Reversing the trend: UN Peacekeeping in 2017

This Wednesday, March 28, 2018, the Security Council is holding an open debate on “Collective Action to Improve UN Peacekeeping Operations,” with the participation of the Secretary-General. In honor of the debate, CIC is publishing three posts th Read More...

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Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan

Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan

Strategic Summary

Changing Realities: New Dimensions of Peace Operations One month before launching the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations to examine the state of UN peacekeeping operations and political missions, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon remark Read More...

Strategic Summary 2016 | UN Peace Operations by the Numbers

On 1 January 2017, a new UN Secretary-General took office. From day one, he will be responsible for more than 100,000 uniformed and civilian personnel on some 24 peace operations. The report of the 2015 High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operation Read More...

Strategic Summary test

| Alischa Kugel | One month before launching the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations to examine the state of UN peacekeeping operations and political missions, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon remarked the time had come to take st Read More...

Sudan and South Sudan

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Support Mechanisms: Multilateral, Multi-Level, and Mushrooming

This is the seventh essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of Multilateral Envoys in Peacemaking. The idea that “peace processes must be well-supported politically, technically and financially”, as UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon sta Read More...

The Challenges of Full Deployment on UN Peace Operations

The UN has always had problems deploying its largest, infantry-heavy missions. The 2015 Leaders’ Summit on Peacekeeping and this week’s 2016 UN Peacekeeping Defence Ministerial in London are Member State driven initiatives to do better. Broader p Read More...

The end of a peacekeeping era

An era of UN peacekeeping ended on Good Friday, as the organization’s fifteen-year old mission in Liberia (UNMIL) closed shop.  This follows the termination of the UN missions in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) last summer and that in Haiti (MINUSTAH) in Read More...

The Loss of Arms and Ammunition in Peace Operations: Mapping and Addressing the Challenge

In January 2016, al-Shabaab militants attacked an African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) forward operating base in El Adde, Somalia. They held the base for several days before the Kenya Defence Forces managed to reclaim it. Media reporting has und Read More...

Thematic Essays Archive

These archive pages provide full access to relevant texts from the print edition of the NYU Center on International Cooperation’s Annual Review of Global Peace Operations and the Review of Political Missions. For the years 2013 – 2011 of the Annu Read More...

Three’s a Crowd? Inter-Organisational Cooperation in Conflict Mediation

This is the second essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. Out of the at least 51 multilateral envoys deployed in 2013 to address conflict situations around the world, 28 envoys from different multil Read More...

Towards a Continental Strategy for Countering Violent Extremism in Africa

Violent Extremism is now recognized as a growing threat to peace and security in Africa, as exemplified by the recent terrorist attacks in Garissa, Abidjan, and Ouagadougou. While much of the policy discussion on Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) fo Read More...

Two Years After the Juba Clashes: Has UNMISS’s Protection of Displaced People Improved?

In July 2016, serious fighting erupted in Juba, the capital of South Sudan, when a peace agreement signed less than a year before broke down. Many citizens were killed, often in deliberate, ethnically motivated attacks, while others sought safety in Read More...

UN Peace Operations and Counter-Terrorism – A Bridge Too Far?

During the United Nations General Assembly, U.S. President Barack Obama chaired two summits – the first on peace operations on September 28, and one the following day on counter-terrorism. His participation in both demonstrated the level of commitm Read More...

When should blue helmets walk away from a conflict?

The renewed crisis in South Sudan is turning into a decisive test for the United Nations. There is a growing international outcry over reports that local forces raped and killed civilians almost in front of UN peacekeepers. The Security Council has s Read More...

Where Envoys Aren’t

This is the fifth essay in a series of seven that looks at the role of multilateral envoys in peacemaking. This series of essays was conceived to document and analyze the work of multilateral envoys, particularly their engagement in efforts to media Read More...